Rulemaking in the dark: Little disclosure when big food lobbies the FDA

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Last January, when the Food and Drug Administration released strict new rules for ensuring the cleanliness of food production, distribution and warehousing facilities, the American Bakers Association crowed in a press release that they'd "won a major victory" for its members. They had–the proposed rules wouldn't apply to many of their warehouses. 

Not mentioned in that press release was the person who helped the ABA achieve the win: Miriam Guggenheim, a food policy focused attorney with Covington and Burling. Though she has not been registered as a lobbyist since 2010–before Congress passed the Food Safety Modernization Act–her online biography notes that she "Successfully petitioned FDA for an exemption" for "most warehouses and distribution facilities." In her official bio, she describes her work as helping companies achieve "their marketing goals while minimizing regulatory and litigation risks."

Guggenheim's work on behalf of food industry heavyweights shows how much of the influence game in Washingtion still remains in the shadows. Not everyone who pushes private agendas in Congress and at regulatory agencies registers to lobby. Those who are registered to lobby disclose minimal information about their activities. And while agencies keep track of which special interests come calling and why, those records are rarely made available to the public without a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request. 

Using FOIA, Sunlight obtained memoranda of meetings for the FDA's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) over a two year period, yielded dozens of industry contacts with the regulators who oversee them. Industry group representatives were present at meetings four times as often as representatives of consumer interests. Sunlight has uploaded the documents we received on Document Cloud and created a searchable spreadsheet based on the documents, viewable below.

The records show that Guggenheim, who represents big trade groups and multinational corporations in the food industry, attended five meetings over the span of two years, more than any other outside visitor. Attending along with her were representatives from such corporations as Archer Daniels Midland, Monster energy drinks, and Mars Incorporated. Meeting topics ranged from groups pushing for speeded up approval for new color additives to labeling of fiber content in food.

  • READ MORE ABOUT HOW OUTSIDE GROUPS HAVE BEEN LOBBYING FDA ON IMPLEMENTATION OF NEW SAFETY LAW.
  • SEE SEARCHABLE SPREADSHEET AND MEETING MEMORANDA ON FOOD POLICY PROVIDED BY FDA IN RESPONSE TO SUNLIGHT'S FOIA. (See below.)
  • READ MORE ABOUT RECORDS OF EX PARTE MEETINGS.
  • SEE TIMELINE ON EXEMPTION SOUGHT IN FOOD SAFETY LAW.
  • SEE HOW LOBBYING DISCLOSURE LAWS SHOULD BE STRENGTHENED.

The CFSAN meetings give a picture of how the nation's food safety laws are influenced by outside interests at a time when the agency is under pressure to implement a major food safety law–the Food Safety and Modernization Act–itself a response to incidents of food-borne bacteria such has salmonella, e. coli, and listeria that have sickened and in same cases killed people. Congress passed the law in late 2010–it was one of the last acts of the outgoing House Democratic majority–and President Barack Obama signed the bill on January 4, 2011. That left it to the FDA to write the detailed rules that the food industry would have to follow to comply with the law, which also gives the industry a second opportunity to influence those rules, often with little or no scrutiny from the public or the press.

"This is supposed to be a transparent process. Under President Obama, things were supposed to be more so, but if anything it's gotten more opaque," says David Acheson, a former FDA official and president and CEO of the Acheson Group, which does consulting with industry about implementation of the Food Safety and Modernization Act. "There are people who want to follow the making of the sausage and why shouldn't you? It's all going to impact us and our family's health."

Acheson himself is listed as attending this March 2011 meeting to discuss implementation of the FSMA. He is not a registered as a lobbyist. His biography says he uses "his regulatory insight, food safety knowledge, and expertise in crisis response to food industry clients around the globe on how best to manage risk in a global supply chain and evolving regulatory landscape."

The meeting logs also show that Joseph Levitt of Hogan Lovells, is another frequent visitor at the FDA. Unlike Guggenheim, Levitt made a trip through FDA's revolving door, serving in various positions in the agency, including six years  as director of CFSAN. His firm biography describes him as a 25-year veteran of the agency who "counsels numerous food companies and trade associations in food safety, labeling and compliance matters and how to work effectively with the FDA." Levitt declined an interview request by Sunlight.

Levitt is registered as a lobbyist for the Grocery Manufacturers Association; however, he has also appeared at FDA meetings with other industry groups, such as the National Chicken Council and the International Dairy Foods Association. Overall, the meeting records show his presence at four meetings. While he does not himself give campaign contributions, his firm's PAC and coworkers have distributed $1.8 million over the years, according to Influence Explorer. So far this election cycle, the PAC has distributed more than $125,000, almost evenly split between Democrats and Republicans.

Overall, the meeting memoranda, which provide details on 33 meetings over an approximately two-year time span, show that industry groups and lobbying, consulting, and law firms send far more representatives to meetings than do consumer groups. Representatives of consumer groups, such as Center for Science in the Public Interest, Food and Water Watch, and Consumers Union, were present at a half dozen meetings, or 18 percent. Industry groups sent representatives to 26 meetings, or 78 percent of the total. Lobbying, consulting, and law firm representatives were present at 17 meetings, most of those overlapping with industry clients.

The subjects of these meetings varied widely, and often involve industries in the middle of food safety controversies. For example, representatives of the American Spice Trade Association met with CFSAN staff twice, the first time on June 11, 2011, the second earlier this year, on April 15. At both meetings, the the group presented information on industry standards for keeping spices free of contamination. The FDA has been conducting an anlaysis that is expected to show that spices are a "surprising potent source of salmonella poisoning," according to an August New York Times report.

At a November 23, 2012 meeting, an executive from Monster and Covington and Burling attorneys, including Guggenheim, presented information about the safety of the company's controverisal energy drinks. The following month, in response to a FOIA request, the FDA released incident reports showing five deaths that may have been related to the energy drinks. Covington and Burling is listed as a lobbying firm for the company, although Guggenheim herself is not.

In fact, Guggenheim maintains a low profile. Though she is a frequent speaker at food industry pow wows, she does not talk to the popular media–she declined to be interviewed for this piece. She gives very little in campaign contributions, although colleagues and the PAC for her firm, Covington and Burling, are the source of $4.5 million, with PAC contributions split nearly evenly between the parties. She has registered as a lobbyist in the past, but has not been on the rolls since 2010. 

And while she's a frequent visitor to CSFAN, none of the meeting records obtained by Sunlight appear to be about the warehouse exemption sought by the American Bakers Association with Guggenheim's help. That episode is a case study of how the sophisticated way such groups wield power in Washington, burying themselves in the arcane details and then picking the arena where they have the best chance for success.

Rather than securing a straightfoward exemption for warehouses in the Food Safety Modernization Act, the ABA pushed for language that would let the Food and Drug Administration decide the matter. This strategy is not uncommon: as Sunlight has reported, in 2008, industry groups pushed to give an expert commission, rather than Congress, the authority to decide whether particular plasticizers, known as phthalates, would be banned. That commission is now under heavy lobbying by ExxonMobil and other industry groups. In the case of the warehouse exemption, the paragraph the ABA suggested, which Sen. Dick Durbin, D-Ill., included in the S. 510, the Food Safety Modernization Act of 2009, reads:

"The Secretary may, by regulation, exempt or modify the requirements for compliance under this section with respect to facilities that are solely engaged in the production of food for animals other than man, the storage of raw agricultural commodities (other than fruits and vegetables) intended for futher distribution or processing, or the storage of packaged foods that are not exposed to the environment."

After Congress passed the bill in late 2010 and President Barack Obama signed it in early 2011, the ABA then relied on this authority when filing a citizens petition at the FDA–spearheaded by Guggenheim–asking for an exemption.

Joining the trade group in the request were several other food lobbying powerhouses: the American Frozen Food Institute, the Grocery Manufacturers Association, the International Bottled Water Association, the International Dairy Foods Association, the International Warehouse Logistics Association, the Peanut and Tree Nut Processors Association, and the Snack Food Asssociation. Their argument in a nutshell: that warehouses that store only packaged foods that are "not exposed to the environment" are subject to safety rules at other points in the chain of production and that the groups are not aware of any "significant food-borne illness outbreaks" originating at such facilities. 

Tony Corbo, a lobbyist for the consumer group Food and Water Watch, says that while such warehouses may be lower risk than other facilities where food is processed, they still need oversight. "A lot of these warehouses do have problems," he said. "Rodents are running around, there may be water seeping in and damaging boxes." 

In 2011, for example, the FDA issued a warning letter to a Tacoma, Wash., warehouse where flour and sugar stored, where inspectors found rat droppings, gnawed bags, and a variety of dead flies.

While the FDA did not reply formally to the trade groups' petition for an exemption, the proposed rule issued by the agency contains several exemptions for warehouses, reported the ABA, "including one for non-refrigerated distribution warehouses such as those utilized by the baking industry."

The win isn't even the last bite the ABA will have at the apple. The FDA has twice postponed the comment period for the proposed rule. The new deadline is November 15. So now the industry groups are lobbying for further clarification and expanded language for the exemptions in the final rule.

Date Visitor Affiliation Subject Type
4/29/2013 Deborah May Wholesale Supplies Plus, Handmade Cosmetic Alliance Cosmetic policy and possible legislative proposals industry
4/29/2013 Mary Anne Walsh Handmade Cosmetic Alliance Cosmetic policy and possible legislative proposals industry
4/15/2013 Cheryl Deem American Spice Trade Association spice safety industry
4/15/2013 Kelley Poole American Spice Trade Association spice safety industry
1/15/13 Ann Boechman Kraft Foods MiO Product — Energy drinks with Kraft Foods industry
1/15/13 De Ann Davis Kraft Foods MiO Product — Energy drinks with Kraft Foods industry
1/15/13 Frank Sabella Kraft Foods MiO Product — Energy drinks with Kraft Foods industry
1/15/13 Jason Hlywka Kraft Foods MiO Product — Energy drinks with Kraft Foods industry
1/15/13 Stacey Popham Kraft Foods MiO Product — Energy drinks with Kraft Foods industry
1/15/13 Chris Doherty Kraft Foods MiO Product — Energy drinks with Kraft Foods industry
6/3/2011 Diane Edquist Dorman National Organization for Rare Disorders Issues elated to access to medical foods for inborn errors of metabolism and other rare conditions consumer
2/7/2012 Steven Mister Council for Responsible Nutrition FDA's draft guidance on new dietary ingredient (NDI) notifications industry
2/7/2012 Rend Al-Mondhiry Council for Responsible Nutrition FDA's draft guidance on new dietary ingredient (NDI) notifications industry
2/7/2012 Douglas MacKay Council for Responsible Nutrition FDA's draft guidance on new dietary ingredient (NDI) notifications industry
2/7/2012 Miriam Guggenheim Covington & Burling FDA's draft guidance on new dietary ingredient (NDI) notifications lobbying/ consulting /law firm
2/7/2012 Marica Howard Consumer Healthcare Products Association FDA's draft guidance on new dietary ingredient (NDI) notifications industry
2/7/2012 Jan Siroia Consumer Healthcare Products Association FDA's draft guidance on new dietary ingredient (NDI) notifications industry
2/7/2012 Haley Stevens Calorie Control Council Proposed changes related to polyols and dietary fiber industry
2/7/2012 Sue Potter Tate & Lyle Proposed changes related to polyols and dietary fiber industry
2/7/2012 Allan Buck Archer Daniel Midland Company Proposed changes related to polyols and dietary fiber industry
2/7/2012 Bruce Ray Beneo Group Proposed changes related to polyols and dietary fiber industry
2/7/2012 Miriam Guggenheim Covington & Burling Proposed changes related to polyols and dietary fiber lobbying/ consulting /law firm
2/7/2012 Lyn Nabors Calorie Control Council Proposed changes related to polyols and dietary fiber industry
11/8/2012 Marni Karlin Organic Trade Association arsenic in rice industry
11/8/2012 Christine Bushway Organic Trade Association arsenic in rice industry
11/8/2012 Jessica Lundberg Lundberg Family Farms arsenic in rice industry
11/8/2012 Renee Thresher Lundberg Family Farms arsenic in rice industry
11/8/2012 Clark Driftmier California Natural Products arsenic in rice industry
11/8/2012 Reece Langley USA Rice arsenic in rice industry
11/8/2012 Bruce Lymburn Clif Bar & Company arsenic in rice industry
10/17/2012 Julie Smolyansky Lifeway Foods industry meeting on a standard of identity for kefir industry
10/17/2012 Tim Hannegan Hannegan Landau Poersch Advocacy LLC industry meeting on a standard of identity for kefir lobbying/ consulting /law firm
5/16/2012 James North Jimmy John's Jimmy John's sprout outbreak industry
5/16/2012 Jeff Wampler Jimmy John's Jimmy John's sprout outbreak industry
5/16/2012 Mansour Samadpour IEH Laboratory Jimmy John's sprout outbreak industry
7/31/2012 Loren Israelsen United Natural Products Alliance FDA's draft guidance on New Dietary Ingredients (NDI) industry
7/31/2012 Tricia Knight United Natural Products Alliance FDA's draft guidance on New Dietary Ingredients (NDI) industry
7/31/2012 Peter Reinecke United Natural Products Alliance FDA's draft guidance on New Dietary Ingredients (NDI) industry
7/31/2012 David Spangler Consumer Healthcare Products Association FDA's draft guidance on New Dietary Ingredients (NDI) industry
7/31/2012 Jay Sirois Consumer Healthcare Products Association FDA's draft guidance on New Dietary Ingredients (NDI) industry
7/31/2012 Steve Mister Council for Responsible Nutrition FDA's draft guidance on New Dietary Ingredients (NDI) industry
7/31/2012 Rend Al-Mondhiry Council for Responsible Nutrition FDA's draft guidance on New Dietary Ingredients (NDI) industry
7/31/2012 Douglas MacKay Council for Responsible Nutrition FDA's draft guidance on New Dietary Ingredients (NDI) industry
7/31/2012 Michael McGuffin American Herbal Association FDA's draft guidance on New Dietary Ingredients (NDI) industry
7/31/2012 Tony Young American Herbal Association FDA's draft guidance on New Dietary Ingredients (NDI) industry
7/31/2012 Scott Bass Sidley & Austin FDA's draft guidance on New Dietary Ingredients (NDI) lobbying/ consulting /law firm
7/31/2012 Cara Welch Natural Products Association FDA's draft guidance on New Dietary Ingredients (NDI) industry
7/31/2012 John Shaw Natural Products Association FDA's draft guidance on New Dietary Ingredients (NDI) industry
7/31/2012 Nandini Gopinadh Alliance for Natural Health FDA's draft guidance on New Dietary Ingredients (NDI) industry
2/8/2012 Bonnie Liebman Center for Science in the Public Interest FDA's 2006 draft guidance on whole grains consumer
2/8/2012 Anat Margalit Center for Science in the Public Interest FDA's 2006 draft guidance on whole grains consumer
2/8/2012 Emily GIlbert Center for Science in the Public Interest FDA's 2006 draft guidance on whole grains consumer
2/8/2012 Steve Gardner Center for Science in the Public Interest FDA's 2006 draft guidance on whole grains consumer
2/8/2012 Erika Knudson Center for Science in the Public Interest FDA's 2006 draft guidance on whole grains consumer
1/24/2012 Urvashi Rangan Consumers Union arsenic in apple juice consumer
1/24/2012 Ami Gadhia Consumers Union arsenic in apple juice consumer
1/24/2012 Jean Halloran Consumers Union arsenic in apple juice consumer
1/24/2012 Tony Corbo Food and Water Watch arsenic in apple juice consumer
6/26/2012 Joe Levitt Hogan Lovells National Chicken Council on egg hatchery issue lobbying/ consulting /law firm
6/26/2012 Brian Eyin Hogan Lovells National Chicken Council on egg hatchery issue lobbying/ consulting /law firm
6/26/2012 Ashley Peterson National Chicken Council National Chicken Council on egg hatchery issue industry
6/26/2012 Mike Levengood Perdue Farms National Chicken Council on egg hatchery issue industry
6/26/2012 Charlie Carpenter Perdue Farms National Chicken Council on egg hatchery issue industry
6/26/2012 Chip Miller Tyson Foods, Inc. National Chicken Council on egg hatchery issue industry
12/21/2012 Joe Levitt Hogan Lovells the term "natural" lobbying/ consulting /law firm
12/21/2012 Martin Hahn Hogan Lovells the term "natural" lobbying/ consulting /law firm
12/21/2012 Jim Skiles Grocery Manufacturers Association the term "natural" industry
12/21/2012 Steve Armstrong Campbell Soup Company the term "natural" industry
11/30/2012 Thomas P. Davis Monster meeting with Monster on energy drinks industry
11/30/2012 Dr. Jeanni Perron Covington & Burling meeting with Monster on energy drinks lobbying/ consulting /law firm
11/30/2012 Miriam Guggenheim Covington & Burling meeting with Monster on energy drinks lobbying/ consulting /law firm
11/30/2012 Mingham Ji Covington & Burling meeting with Monster on energy drinks lobbying/ consulting /law firm
11/30/2012 Gerald Masoudi Covington & Burling meeting with Monster on energy drinks lobbying/ consulting /law firm
6/27/2012 Audrae Erickson Corn Refiners Association discuss the timing and grounds for the FDA denial of petition to use the term corn sugar to describe high fructose corn syrup industry
6/27/2012 Clausen Ely Covington & Burling discuss the timing and grounds for the FDA denial of petition to use the term corn sugar to describe high fructose corn syrup lobbying/ consulting /law firm
1/6/2012 Leslie Turner Coca Cola carbendazim issue/Coca Cola industry
1/6/2012 Raymond Steed Coca Cola carbendazim issue/Coca Cola industry
1/6/2012 Henry Chin Coca Cola carbendazim issue/Coca Cola industry
1/6/2012 John Packman Coca Cola carbendazim issue/Coca Cola industry
1/6/2012 Susan Martin Coca Cola carbendazim issue/Coca Cola industry
1/6/2012 Dan Schafer Coca Cola carbendazim issue/Coca Cola industry
1/6/2012 James Horrisberger Coca Cola carbendazim issue/Coca Cola industry
1/6/2012 Mark Mansour Akin Gump carbendazim issue/Coca Cola lobbying/ consulting /law firm
1/6/2012 Ricardo Carvajal Hyman Phelps carbendazim issue/Coca Cola lobbying/ consulting /law firm
1/6/2012 Fred Degnan King and Spaulding carbendazim issue/Coca Cola lobbying/ consulting /law firm
12/8/2011 Roderick Palmore General Mills nutrition labeling industry
11/30/2011 Ladd Wiley FDA Alliance Overview of CFSAN strategic priorities mixed
11/30/2011 Nancy Myers FDA Alliance Overview of CFSAN strategic priorities mixed
11/30/2011 Ben Firschein U.S. Pharmacopoeia Overview of CFSAN strategic priorities industry
11/30/2011 Colin Finan Pew Charitable Trusts Overview of CFSAN strategic priorities consumer
11/30/2011 Tony Curry Akin Gump Overview of CFSAN strategic priorities lobbying/ consulting /law firm
11/30/2011 Lisa Weddig National Fisheries Institute Overview of CFSAN strategic priorities industry
11/30/2011 Bob Hirst International Bottled Water Association Overview of CFSAN strategic priorities industry
11/30/2011 Mike Greene Council for Responsible Nutrition Overview of CFSAN strategic priorities industry
11/30/2011 Rasma Zvaners American Bakers Association Overview of CFSAN strategic priorities industry
11/30/2011 Chris Waldrop Consumer Federation of America Overview of CFSAN strategic priorities consumer
11/30/2011 David Plunkett Center for Science in the Public Interest Overview of CFSAN strategic priorities consumer
11/30/2011 Steven Grossman FDA Alliance Overview of CFSAN strategic priorities mixed
11/30/2011 Deborah White Kraft Foods Overview of CFSAN strategic priorities industry
3/4/2011 David Acheson Leavitt Partners preventive controls lobbying/ consulting /law firm
3/10/2011 Stuart Pape Patton Boggs color additive approval process lobbying/ consulting /law firm
3/10/2011 Mel Drozen Keller and Heckman color additive approval process lobbying/ consulting /law firm
3/10/2011 Peter Hutt Covington & Burling color additive approval process lobbying/ consulting /law firm
3/10/2011 Miriam Guggenheim Covington & Burling color additive approval process lobbying/ consulting /law firm
3/10/2011 Sten Risk Mars Incorporated color additive approval process industry
3/10/2011 Dorothy Lagg Mars Incorporated color additive approval process industry
8/5/2011 Miriam Guggenheim Covington & Burling bottled water labeling lobbying/ consulting /law firm
6/2/2011 Clay Hough International Dairy Foods Association International Dairy Foods Association/flavored milk petition industry
6/2/2011 Cary Frye International Dairy Foods Association International Dairy Foods Association/flavored milk petition industry
6/2/2011 Michelle Matto International Dairy Foods Association International Dairy Foods Association/flavored milk petition industry
6/2/2011 Beth Briczinski National Milk Producers Federation International Dairy Foods Association/flavored milk petition industry
6/2/2011 Jamie Jonker National Milk Producers Federation International Dairy Foods Association/flavored milk petition industry
6/2/2011 Mark Vogue P. Radius Global Market Research International Dairy Foods Association/flavored milk petition industry
6/2/2011 Joe Levitt Hogan Lovells International Dairy Foods Association/flavored milk petition lobbying/ consulting /law firm
6/2/2011 Ryan Wilson Hogan Lovells International Dairy Foods Association/flavored milk petition lobbying/ consulting /law firm
5/11/2011 Michael Jacobson Center for Science in the Public Interest CSPI petition re: HCFS consumer
5/11/2011 Julie Greenstein Center for Science in the Public Interest CSPI petition re: HCFS consumer
5/11/2011 Rev. Douglas Greenaway National WIC Association CSPI petition re: HCFS consumer
5/11/2011 Cecilia Richardson National WIC Association CSPI petition re: HCFS consumer
6/23/2011 Cheryl Deem American Spice Trade Association American Spice Trade Association industry
6/23/2011 John Hallagan American Spice Trade Association American Spice Trade Association industry
6/23/2011 Kelly Poole American Spice Trade Association American Spice Trade Association industry
6/14/2011 Hank Lambert Underwriters Laboratories Overview of Undewriters Laboratories industry
6/14/2011 Lauren Hartman Underwriters Laboratories Overview of Undewriters Laboratories industry
6/14/2011 Gary Coleman Underwriters Laboratories Overview of Undewriters Laboratories industry
6/14/2011 Laura Snell Underwriters Laboratories Overview of Undewriters Laboratories industry
3/11/2011 David Rosenthal Corn Refiners Association high fructose corn sugar–corn sugar co-lableing industry
3/11/2011 Clausen Ely Covington & Burling high fructose corn sugar–corn sugar co-lableing lobbying/ consulting /law firm
3/11/2011 Audrae Erickson Corn Refiners Association high fructose corn sugar–corn sugar co-lableing industry
7/13/2011 Pam Cureton Center for Celiac Research meeting to discuss gluten-free labeling on food products mixed
7/13/2011 Andrea Levario American Celiac Disease Alliance meeting to discuss gluten-free labeling on food products mixed
7/13/2011 Pam King Center for Celiac Research meeting to discuss gluten-free labeling on food products mixed
7/13/2011 Joel Warady Enjoy LIfe Foods meeting to discuss gluten-free labeling on food products industry
7/13/2011 Alessio Fasano Center for Celiac Research meeting to discuss gluten-free labeling on food products mixed
3/2/2011 Edward Kuehnle Catalina Marketing Corporation tracking under the new FDA FSMA industry
3/2/2011 Eric Williams Catalina Marketing Corporation tracking under the new FDA FSMA industry
3/2/2011 Claire M. DeMatteis Catalina Marketing Corporation tracking under the new FDA FSMA industry
3/2/2011 Richard Frank Olsson Frank Weeda Ternan Bode Matz tracking under the new FDA FSMA lobbying/ consulting /law firm
3/2/2011 Bob Hahn Olsson Frank Weeda Ternan Bode Matz tracking under the new FDA FSMA lobbying/ consulting /law firm
8/23/2011 Clayton L. Hough International Dairy Foods Association European Union residue audit of 2010 industry
8/23/2011 Beth Briczinski National Milk Producers Federation European Union residue audit of 2,010 industry
8/23/2011 Matt McKnight US Dairy Export Council European Union residue audit of 2,010 industry
8/23/2011 Mitchell Bowling US Dairy Export Council European Union residue audit of 2,010 industry
8/23/2011 Jamie Jonker National Milk Producers Federation European Union residue audit of 2,010 industry
8/23/2011 John Miller Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services–National Conference on Interstate Milk Shipments European Union residue audit of 2,010 government
8/23/2011 Bob Ehart National Association of Dairy Regulatory Officials European Union residue audit of 2,010 government
8/23/2011 Cary Frye International Dairy Foods Association European Union residue audit of 2,010 industry
10/14/2011 Tony Corbo Food & Water Watch arsenic in food products consumer
10/14/2011 Ami Gadhia Consumers Union arsenic in food products consumer
10/14/2011 Urvashi Rangan Consumers Union arsenic in food products consumer
10/14/2011 Patty Lovers Food & Water Watch arsenic in food products consumer
10/14/2011 Judy Braiman Empire State Consumer Project arsenic in food products consumer
10/14/2011 Kathy Burns Science Corp arsenic in food products consumer
3/21/2011 Robert J. Whitaker Produce Marketing Association PMA's Committee member meeting industry
3/21/2011 Thomas O'Brien Produce Marketing Association PMA's Committee member meeting industry
1/26/2012 Adao S.M. Torres Citrus Br application of Carbendazim LOQ to single strength juice industry
1/26/2012 Mel Drozen Keller and Heckman application of Carbendazim LOQ to single strength juice lobbying/ consulting /law firm
1/26/2012 Christian Lohbauer Citrus Br application of Carbendazim LOQ to single strength juice industry
1/26/2012 Bab Kalik Kalik Lewin application of Carbendazim LOQ to single strength juice lobbying/ consulting /law firm
1/26/2012 Joe Levitt Hogan Lovells application of Carbendazim LOQ to single strength juice lobbying/ consulting /law firm
1/26/2012 Carol Freysinger Juice Products Association application of Carbendazim LOQ to single strength juice industry
1/26/2012 Kristen Gunter Florida Citrus Processors application of Carbendazim LOQ to single strength juice industry
1/26/2012 Eve Pelonis Keller and Heckman application of Carbendazim LOQ to single strength juice lobbying/ consulting /law firm
1/26/2012 Rick Cristol Juice Products Association application of Carbendazim LOQ to single strength juice industry
1/26/2012 Rick Silverman Hogan Lovells application of Carbendazim LOQ to single strength juice lobbying/ consulting /law firm
1/26/2012 Ricardo Carrajal Hyman Phelps application of Carbendazim LOQ to single strength juice lobbying/ consulting /law firm

 

 

 

Download entire spreadsheet here.